The nature and extent of the cognitive impairment following TBI can range widely, depending on the severity and positioning of the injury. If a focal brain injury transpires, the outcome could be comparable to an injury provoked by a CVA (Cerebrovascular accident or stroke), such as:
Impacting the ability of the patient to communicate either written, spoken or both.
The loss of ability to do motor skills due to brain injury
Involves inattention of sensory on one side of the body and over attention of sensory on the other.
Involves understanding how objects are in relation to space
Nevertheless, these are the usual findings following TBI. Due to the mechanisms of acceleration-deceleration, the most common symptoms include and memory deficiency, difficulty in adhering to new data, solving problems, planning, and problems linked to impulsivity and self-control.
Some "subclinical" findings such as a change in naming, verbal fluency, and auditory perception are also reported. In the initial stages, attention deficits are the most frequent and severe in the residual stage, usually concerning difficulty sustaining divided attention.
The long-term memory is usually regained, but some patients maintain challenges in learning new information and remembering it.
CBT is the therapy used to address emotional disturbances in patients with a TBI. Evidence has shown patients have made the most progress when this type of therapy is incorporated into their treatment plan with the ultimate goal of acclimating back into society.
CBT addresses defects in attention, memory and functioning. This helps them to be better able to participate in all areas of rehabilitation while in a post acute rehabilitation center. Included are:
Let’s look more closely at how CBT improves cognitive functioning overall.
One of the most critical elements in post-acute brain injury rehabilitation is cognitive therapy. Cognitive Behavior Therapy aids people in achieving specific changes or goals, which might include:
Cognitive Behavior Therapists customarily concentrate more on the present circumstances and their resolution rather than the past. They focus on a person's viewpoints and beliefs about their life, not on personality characteristics.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy treats patients and their parents, children, life partners, and families. Superseding outdated, ineffective ways of living, with patterns of living that work, and helping patients gain better control over their lives, is the primary goal of cognitive behavior therapy.
Here are three strategies that will allow therapists and caregivers to set the best conditions for cognitive therapy of TBI patients in post-acute brain injury rehabilitation:
The treatment of most executive cognitive functions starts with supporting the self-awareness of deficiencies.
Without recognizing how impairments influence performance, a patient might be resistant to cooperation with therapists on a recovery program.
For instance, it is challenging for the therapist to work on an anger management program or problem-solving strategies with patients who don't understand that they face these difficulties.
Goal-setting considerably affects community participation. A patient without goals has trouble making decisions and becoming motivated to overcome the challenges that go with the TBI functional recovery.
For example, when patients are asked to "consider the consequences" of a specific action, You might urge them to examine the result of this action on the outcome of their goals, like independent living, work, academic progress, more satisfying relationships, etc. Absence of goals compromises behavior change, decision-making, and motivation.
Through functional activities that build self-awareness and self-confidence, patients may re-establish meaningful life roles and an efficient everyday routine, even when confronted with residual deficits. These qualities, in turn, will allow patients to solve their daily problems more effectively and with confidence.
Every brain injury is unique so the time one needs to participate in CBT will vary based on the severity of the TBI. Some patients only need a few sessions while others may participate for years.
Therapists track progress and goals. They may determine milestones such as when a patient is ready to move out of residential and acclimate to home. It is important no patient be rushed and full patience to get the most out of CBT.
In the therapeutic relationship, it's crucial to know how to rate activities, strengthen patient's self-esteem, and promote long-term patient participation in a home setting and the community.
If, after reading this article, you believe a TBI rehab center is the way to go when it comes to your cognitive therapy needs, and you are wondering, "where will I find the best Neuro Rehab Center Near Me?" look no further!
Have your or a loved one suffered a traumatic brain injury?
NeuLife Rehabilitation is one of the best TBI rehab centers with specialized catastrophic rehabilitation programs for many devastating injuries.
Our programs for neuro rehab, including cognitive therapy, are customized to meet each patient's individual needs, and care plans are structured to promote the highest level of functional independence and successful community reintegration.
Through the skills and experience of our highly trained team of clinical experts, we can treat a wide range of diagnoses and injuries at our brain injury facility.
If you have any more questions concerning post-acute brain injury rehabilitation or any other issue regarding brain injury, call us at 800.626.3876 or make a referral today. You can also schedule a tour to visit our best brain injury facility.
The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.
We know that choosing the next step in your recovery from a catastrophic illness or injury is complex. Together, we can help you take the next step.
Contact us with any questions today.