Brain Trauma Rehabilitation Terms [Easy Guide Arounds Difficult Words] – Part 3

Many of us are so overwhelmed by the process of TBI diagnosis, treatment, and traumatic brain injury rehab, that we don’t even think to ask the important questions, or understand everything that the doctor says. A good physician will explain the tests, the diagnosis and the necessary rehabilitation in layman’s term. But, some won’t, or maybe the stress of the visit will make you forget as soon as you leave the office.

In Part 1 of this Guide, we explained some of these terms, especially the ones concerning functions and skills. In Part 2, we defined the terms related to some of the symptoms of TBI. Today, in Part 3, we’ll talk about the glossary concerning medication used to treat TBI.


Medication used to decrease the possibility of a seizure (e.g., Dilantin, Phenobarbital, Mysoline, Tegretol).


Medication used to treat depression.


Medication used mainly to slow down the heart, by blocking the action of hormones like adrenaline. Commonly used beta-blockers include:

  • atenolol (also called Tenormin)
  • bisoprolol (also called Cardicor or Emcor)
  • metoprolol (also called Betaloc, or Lopresor)
  • propranolol (also called Inderal or Angilol)


Neuroleptics, also known as antipsychotic medications, are used to treat and manage symptoms of many psychiatric disorders. They can be divided into two classes: first-generation (“typical" antipsychotics) and second-generation (“atypical" antipsychotics).


Antiepileptic drugs (commonly known as anticonvulsants or antiseizure drugs) are a varied group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures. Many seem to act as mood stabilizers and are used for the treatment of neuropathic pain.

Watch this film by Speed Pharmacology about antiepileptics –“Pharmacology - ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUGS (MADE EASY)”, to find out more:



May be used for pain relief and pain management.

Anti-Anxiety Agents

May lessen feelings of uncertainty, nervousness, and fear.


May be used to prevent blood clots.

Muscle Relaxants

May be used to reduce muscle spasms or spasticity.

Sedative-Hypnotic Agents

May be used to induce sleep or depress the central nervous system in areas of mental and physical response, awareness, sleep, and pain.


May be used to increase attention and alertness.


Amantadine belongs to the class of medications called adamantanes. It is thought to work to control movement problems by increasing the amount of dopamine in certain parts of the body.

Remember, when you talk to your doctor about taking any of these, or other drugs, mention what other prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking, or plan to take.

Stay tuned for the fourth part of this TBI glossary guide.

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NeuLife Rehabilitation is one of the best TBI rehab centers with specialized catastrophic rehabilitation programs for a wide range of catastrophic injuries.

Our programs for traumatic brain injury rehabilitation are customized to meet the individual needs of each patient. Our care plans are structured to promote the highest level of functional independence and successful community reintegration. Through the skills and experience of our highly trained team of clinical experts, we are able to treat a wide range of diagnoses and injuries at our brain injury rehab facility.

If you have any more questions concerning neuro rehab, brain injury rehab, or any other issue regarding traumatic brain injury rehabilitation, call us to make an appointment today. You can also schedule a tour to visit our best brain injury facility.




The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.



Dedicated to providing the highest caliber of care to individuals with brain injuries, NeuLife Rehabilitation is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF).
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